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Binaries and Ternaries

Binary means notes and rests grouped by twos and squares of twos: 2, 4, 8, 16, etc.

 

Ternary means notes and rests grouped by threes and squares of threes: 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, etc.

 

Others are called "by fives", "by sevens", etc.

 

Duple means two beats.

Triple means three beats.

Quadruple means four beats etc.

The basic broken alternating Guaguanco beats are marked _

+ marks the start

 _       _       _       _   +

|1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &|1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &|

|O   t O O   B t|t   t t t   B t|

 r   l r l   r l r   l r l   r l

 

 

Basic Abacua

 

Practice the binary part while tapping the duple ternary beat with the foot.

 _           _

|1 2 3 4 5 6|1 2 3 4 5 6|

|O   t   O  |t   O   t  |  high

|O   t t   t|O   t t   t|  med

 

Ternary practice.

 

Practice the first two separately.

 _     _

|1 2 3 1 2 3|

|B   B O   O|

 r   r l   l

 

 _     _

|1 2 3 1 2 3|

|B   B O O O|

 r   r l r l

 

notice the pick up notes at the start

 

    |1 2 3 1 2 3|1 2 3 1 2 3|1 2 3 1 2 3|1 2 3 1 2 3|

 O O|B     O    |B   B   O O|B   B O   O|B   B   O O|

 r l r     l     r   r   r l r   r l   l r   r   r l

    |B   B O O O|B   B O O O|B   B O O O|B   B   O O|

     r   r l r l r   r l r l r   r l l l r   r   r l

 _           _

|1 2 3 4 5 6|1 2 3 4 5 6|

|B   O O O  |B O   O O  |

 r   l r l   r l   r l

 _           _     _

|1 2 3 4 5 6|1 2 3 1 2 3|

|P   O   O  |P   t P   t|

 l   r   r   l   r l   r

 

(To me, the following is a flight of free form academese, but here goes. Maybe it will make sense to those who understand academese. -Luis)

 

Note that some of the above could appear cryptic. The set to be transfered is a complete set of information (meta). The structure of said set is hierarchical. To outline the applicable hierarchy and structural and meta-structural relationships for each new structure would be laborious (like this sentence).

 

However, some conceptual, structural, hierarchal and relational information does have to be understood to more fully understand what is being imparted. To accomplish this, the given information is designed so that its missing elements yield either of the following:

 

1. The person senses the relationships and structures that provide the missing information.

 

2. The person has to discover the relationships and structures that provide the missing information.

 

For the last, the gap in information is arranged so that the options are limited to be fairly singular and logical.

 

For example; why is the start of the rhythm given a special notation, why is it placed differently than the measure lines. Also, translating "brkn" forces one to figure out what it has to do with the hand pattern.

 

1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &

r l r l r l r l  alternating

r l r   r l r    incomplete alternating

  l r l   l r l  its opposite

r l r   l r l    brkn alternating

                 removing the rests yields:

                 1 2 3 4 5 6

                 r l r l r l

^       ^        (also hands syncopate with any

                  binary beat.)

 

 

Jim's Notes: A Course in Drumming

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